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How to get green card through Investment, marriage and Employment.

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Green card through marriage timeline

A positive identification identifies its holder as a U.S. permanent resident, with rights to enter, exit, work, and board the u. s. for his or her entire life—and to eventually apply for U.S. citizenship. But before you think about applying for U.S. permanent residence, make sure you’re eligible under one of the following categories.

1. Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens
Immediate relatives are at the highest of the list once it involves qualifying for green card marriage process and receiving them quickly. This category includes:

  • spouses of U.S. citizens, together with recent widows and widowers; additionally together with same-sex spouses, if the marriage is legally valid in the state or country where it took place.
  • unmarried individuals below age twenty one with a minimum of one U.S. citizen parent
  • parents of U.S. citizens, if the U.S. citizen son or female offspring is a minimum of age twenty one
  • stepchildren and stepparents of U.S. citizens, if the wedding making the stepparent/stepchild relationship happened before the child’s eighteenth birthday, and
  • adopted children of U.S. citizens or permanent residents, if the adoption took place before the child reached age 16 and other conditions are met.
  • An unlimited variety of inexperienced cards are obtainable for immediate relatives whose U.S. citizen relatives petition for them—applicants will get a positive identification as before long as they get through the work and application method. For additional info, see Sponsoring a groom-to-be or spousal equivalent for a positive identification or green Cards for Your Family: support classes.

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2. Other Family Members
Certain family members of U.S. citizens or permanent residents are eligible for green card marriage process—but not directly. They be the “preference categories” listed below, that means that solely a definite variety of them (480,000 total) can receive green cards every year. The system is 1st come back, 1st served—the earlier the U.S. citizen or permanent resident turns in a visa petition (Form I-130), the sooner the immigrant can apply for a green card.
You can’t predict the wait time with any certainty. Wait times rely on the class of visa you’re inquiring for, the country you’re from, what number others from your country are inquiring for your style of visa, and the workload at the immigration agencies.
Family First Preference (“F1”). Unmarried adults, age twenty one or older, who have at least one U.S. citizen parent.
Family Second Preference: “F2-A:” Spouses and mateless youngsters of a positive identification holder, so long as the children are younger than age 21. “F2B:” mateless youngsters age twenty one or older of a positive identification holder.
Family Third Preference (“F3”). Married individuals, any age, who have at least one U.S. citizen parent.
Family Fourth Preference (“F4”). Sisters and brothers of U.S. citizens, wherever the subject is age twenty one or older.
Owing to high demand, the waits for people from China, India, Mexico, and the Philippines tend to be particularly long. For additional info, see Sponsoring a groom-to-be or spousal equivalent for a positive identification or Sponsoring a loved one for a positive identification.

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3. Preferred Employees and Workers
A total of a hundred and forty,000 green cards are offered annually to folks whose job skills are required within the U.S. market. In most cases, employment supply is additionally needed, and therefore the leader should prove that it’s recruited for the work and not found any willing, able, qualified U.S. workers to hire instead of the immigrant. Because of annual limits, this is a “preference category,” and some applicants wait years for an available green card. Here are the subcategories:

Employment First Preference. Priority workers, including:

  • persons of extraordinary ability within the arts,
  • the sciences,
  • education,
  • business, or
  • athletics

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outstanding professors and researchers, and managers and executives of multinational companies.

Employment Second Preference. Professionals with advanced degrees or exceptional ability.

Employment Third Preference. Professionals and skilled or unskilled workers.

Employment Fourth Preference. Religious employees and miscellaneous classes of employees and different “special immigrants”.

Employment Fifth Preference. Investors willing to place $1 million into a U.S. business—or $500,000 if the business is in associate economically depressed space. The business must employ at least ten workers.

For additional info, see Sponsoring a employee for a green Card: Employer’s Tasks.

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4. Green Card Lotteries: Ethnic Diversity
A certain variety of green cards (currently fifty,000) are created obtainable to individuals from countries that in recent years have sent the fewest immigrants to the u. s.. For additional info, see Winning a positive identification Through the Visa Lottery.

5. Special Immigrants
Occasionally, laws are passed making green cards available to people in special situations, such as young people who are under the care of a juvenile court, international broadcasters, and retired employees of the U.S. government abroad. For an entire list of this special migrant classes, see EB-4 Visa for Special Immigrants: World Health Organisation Qualifies?.

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6. Refuge and Asylum
The U.S. government offers refuge to people that concern, or World Health Organization have tough, ill-treatment in their home country. someone still outside the U.S. would apply to be a refugee; someone already at the U.S. border or  within the U.S. would apply for asylum.

The ill-treatment should be supported the person’s race, religion, status, political opinion, or membership during a specific group. If you’re fleeing solely impoverishment or random violence, you are doing not qualify in either class.

One year when having been granted asylum or exile standing, you’ll submit associate application to regulate standing (get a green card). Refugees are, in fact, needed by law to attend not than one year when receiving their standing and having been physically gift within the U.S. to use for the positive identification. Asylees will wait as long as they need to use, tho’ earlier is better—your asylee standing is quarantined if conditions if your home country modification and therefore the U.S. government decides it’s safe for you to come there.

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7. Long-Time Residents
The law permits bound people that have lived unlawfully (commonly known as illegally) within the U.S. for quite 10 years to request permanent residence as a defense in immigration court proceedings. This remedy is named “cancellation of removal.” you want to conjointly show that your spouse equivalent, parent, or children—who should be U.S. voters or permanent residents—would face “exceptional and very uncommon hardship” if you were forced to go away. Consult a attorney if you’re thinking that you qualify. don’t go straight to USCIS, that may lead to your own deportation.

Another remedy known as “registry” permits people that have lived within the U.S. ceaselessly since Jan one, 1972 to use for a positive identification. you will need to point out that you just have sensible ethical character and aren’t impermissible. Your keep within the u. s. needn’t are illegal—time spent on a visa counts.

8. Special Cases
Individual members of the U.S. Congress have, every so often, intervened for humanitarian reasons in extraordinary cases, serving to somebody get permanent residence even though the law wouldn’t enable it.

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Green card through marriage process

Green card through marriage steps is generally a three-step process:

  • Establishing the wedding relationship (Form I-130)

The first step within the method of obtaining a positive identification through wedding is to submit kind I-130 (officially referred to as the “Petition for Alien Relative”) to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), that is a component of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

The main purpose of the I-130 kind, at the side of supporting documents, is to ascertain that a sound wedding exists.

The partner filing the I-130 is termed the “petitioner” or “sponsor.” this is often the partner World Health Organisation may be a U.S. subject or current positive identification holder. The partner seeking a positive identification is termed the “beneficiary” or “green card individual.”

Critical components of a whole I-130 filing package include:

Government filing fee of $535

Proof that the sponsoring partner may be a U.S. subject (copy of the sponsor’s certification, naturalisation certificate, or valid U.S. passport picture page, for example) or permanent resident (copy of the sponsor’s positive identification, for example)

Proof that a lawfully valid wedding exists (for example, a wedding certificate showing the names of each spouses, moreover because the place and date of the marriage)

Proof that the wedding isn’t dishonest (for example, a joint lease, joint checking account statements, and footage together)

Proof that any previous wedding of either partner has been terminated (typically, a divorce document)

Once the I-130 filing package is complete, it should be armoured to the suitable USCIS address. USCIS can then send the sponsoring partner an officer acknowledgement (or “receipt notice”) within the mail, usually among fortnight.

If USCIS desires additional data or documents to method the filing package, they’re going to send the sponsoring partner a call for participation for proof (RFE) among 2–3 months. Once USCIS has everything they have, they’re going to usually create a choice on the I-130 application among 7–15 months, looking on the couple’s state of affairs.

After receiving notice that the I-130 kind has been approved, succeeding step are going to be to see whether or not the partner seeking a positive identification is eligible for one.

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  • Establishing the spouse’s eligibility for a positive identification

The U.S. government follows 2 completely different processes to see a spouse’s eligibility for a marriage-based positive identification. the correct method depends on wherever that partner presently lives:

FOR positive identification candidates LIVING within the us

If the partner seeking a positive identification physically lives within the us, succeeding step is to file kind I-485 (officially referred to as the “Adjustment of Status” application). The I-485 is filed with USCIS, and its primary purpose is to ascertain that the partner is eligible for a positive identification.

Critical components of AN I-485 filing package include:

Government filing fees of $1,225 (including $1,140 for the positive identification application and $85 for biometrics)
Proof of status of the partner seeking a positive identification (copy of certification and passport picture page)
Proof of lawful entry to the us by the partner seeking a positive identification (copy of I-94 travel record and previous U.S. visa)

Medical examination performed by a USCIS-approved doctor

Proof of the sponsoring partner’s ability to financially support the spouse seeking a positive identification (including kind I-864, or “Affidavit of Support,” and proof like tax returns and pay stubs)

For spouses of U.S. citizens, this I-485 filing package will sometimes be combined with the I-130 kind and supporting documents delineated in Step one on top of (a method referred to as “concurrent filing”). USCIS usually processes this co-occurring filing among 9–11 months.

For spouses of U.S. positive identification holders, however, the I-485 filing package can’t be submitted till the U.S. Department of State determines that a positive identification is out there within the visa bulletin, given varied annual caps. The wait time is presently regarding one and a [*fr1] years, however this may vary by many months, looking on the house country of the partner seeking a positive identification. Once the I-485 filing package is submitted, USCIS can usually method it among 9–11 months.

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FOR positive identification candidates LIVING ABROAD

There is a distinct method to sponsor a positive identification for a partner living abroad. succeeding step is to file AN application package with the National Visa Center (NVC), that is go by the State Department. The NVC gathers the mandatory forms and documents and decides whether or not the partner is prepared for an interview at a U.S. embassy or diplomatic building abroad (a procedure referred to as “consular processing”).

Critical components of AN NVC filing package include:

Government filing fees of $445 (including $120 for the funding kind and $325 for the State Department process fee)
Form DS-260 (green card application filed online)

Proof of status of the partner seeking a positive identification (copy of certification and passport picture page)
Copy of a police clearance certificate for the partner seeking a positive identification (showing previous interactions with enforcement, if any)

Proof of the sponsoring partner’s ability to financially support the spouse seeking a positive identification (including kind I-864, or “Affidavit of Support,” and proof like tax returns and pay stubs)

The NVC usually processes AN application package among 3–5 months, so forwards it to a U.S. embassy or diplomatic building within the home country of the partner seeking a positive identification.

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  • Attending the positive identification interview and awaiting approval

The final step within the marriage-based positive identification method is that the positive identification interview. The interviewing officer’s primary goal is to assess the believability of the wedding. queries will concentrate on the couple’s relationship history, moreover as their daily activities and future plans along. If the interviewing officer is sufficiently convinced that the wedding isn’t dishonest , they’re going to approve the partner for a positive identification.

The location of the interview — additionally as to if the sponsoring partner should conjointly attend — depends on wherever the partner seeking a positive identification presently lives:

DOES YOUR partner sleep in THE UNITED STATES?

A partner applying for a positive identification from among the us can attend their interview with the sponsoring partner at their native USCIS workplace. The physical positive identification can usually arrive by mail among 2-3 weeks of case approval.

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DOES YOUR partner LIVE ABROAD?

A partner applying for a positive identification from abroad can attend AN interview at a U.S. embassy or diplomatic building in their home country. The sponsoring partner doesn’t attend this interview.

The partner seeking a positive identification can then receive a visa stamp in their passport, giving jaunt the us. The USCIS migrator Fee ($220) should be paid on-line before a physical positive identification will be issued. (USCIS recommends paying this fee before the partner leaves for the us.) The positive identification is often armoured to the couple’s U.S. address among 2-3 weeks of the spouse’s arrival.

 

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3 Steps to green card through marriage in United States 1

3 Steps to green card through marriage in United States

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